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Rheumatoid Arthritis ” The Unlucky Hands “
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune disease that primarily affects the joints, often leading to inflammation, pain, and progressive joint damage. The term "The Unlucky Hands" may be used metaphorically to describe the unfortunate impact of RA on the hands, which are commonly affected in this condition. RA occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the synovium, the lining of the membranes that surround the joints. This immune response results in inflammation, which can eventually lead to joint damage and deformities. The exact cause of RA is not fully understood, but a combination of genetic and environmental factors is thought to play a role.
About the Speaker
Dr. Ahmed Abogamal
Consultant Rheumatologist & Professor Of Joint Disease, Gargash Hospital, DXB
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The Arab Knee- What makes it special?
The term "Arab Knee" is not a recognized medical or anatomical term, and there is no distinct physiological or structural difference in the knee joint based on ethnicity or regional origin. Human anatomy, including the structure of the knee joint, is generally consistent across populations. The knee joint is a complex hinge joint that connects the thigh bone (femur) to the shinbone (tibia) and plays a crucial role in supporting body weight and facilitating movement. It's important to note that individual anatomical variations can exist, but these variations are not specific to any ethnic or regional group. Factors such as genetics, lifestyle, and biomechanics may contribute to variations in knee anatomy among individuals, but these differences are not attributed to a specific ethnicity or geographic region.
Politeal Cyst Arthroscopic Excision
A popliteal cyst, also known as a Baker's cyst, is a fluid-filled swelling that appears behind the knee joint, often resulting from underlying conditions such as arthritis or a meniscal tear. The cyst can cause discomfort, swelling, and limited movement of the knee. When conservative treatments like rest, ice, compression, elevation (RICE), and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) do not alleviate symptoms, or if the cyst is large and causes significant discomfort, surgical intervention may be considered. Arthroscopic excision of a popliteal cyst is a minimally invasive surgical technique used to remove the cyst. This procedure is typically performed under general or regional anesthesia. During the surgery, the surgeon makes small incisions around the knee to insert an arthroscope (a small camera) and specialized instruments. The arthroscope provides a clear view inside the knee, allowing the surgeon to carefully excise the cyst and address any underlying intra-articular pathology, such as meniscal tears or cartilage damage, which could be contributing to the formation of the cyst.