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Arthritis in Adults: Case Scenario
Arthritis refers to a group of more than 100 different types of joint inflammation and pain conditions. The most common types are osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis. Arthritis is a prevalent condition in adults, with millions affected worldwide. It is more common in older adults but can affect people of all ages. Common symptoms include joint pain, swelling, stiffness, and reduced range of motion, which can significantly impact a person's quality of life. This is the most common form of arthritis, often associated with the aging process. It occurs when the protective cartilage that cushions the ends of bones wears down over time. Rheumatoid Arthritis is an autoimmune disease that affects the joints, causing pain and inflammation. It can also affect other organs and systems in the body. Management strategies may include medications (e.g., pain relievers, disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs), physical therapy, lifestyle changes, and sometimes surgery to repair or replace damaged joints.
About the Speaker
Dr. Gowtham Chowdary
Director - Academic Services & Senior Consultant Trauma & Orthopaedic Surgeon
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The Arab Knee- What makes it special?
The term "Arab Knee" is not a recognized medical or anatomical term, and there is no distinct physiological or structural difference in the knee joint based on ethnicity or regional origin. Human anatomy, including the structure of the knee joint, is generally consistent across populations. The knee joint is a complex hinge joint that connects the thigh bone (femur) to the shinbone (tibia) and plays a crucial role in supporting body weight and facilitating movement. It's important to note that individual anatomical variations can exist, but these variations are not specific to any ethnic or regional group. Factors such as genetics, lifestyle, and biomechanics may contribute to variations in knee anatomy among individuals, but these differences are not attributed to a specific ethnicity or geographic region.
Politeal Cyst Arthroscopic Excision
A popliteal cyst, also known as a Baker's cyst, is a fluid-filled swelling that appears behind the knee joint, often resulting from underlying conditions such as arthritis or a meniscal tear. The cyst can cause discomfort, swelling, and limited movement of the knee. When conservative treatments like rest, ice, compression, elevation (RICE), and non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) do not alleviate symptoms, or if the cyst is large and causes significant discomfort, surgical intervention may be considered. Arthroscopic excision of a popliteal cyst is a minimally invasive surgical technique used to remove the cyst. This procedure is typically performed under general or regional anesthesia. During the surgery, the surgeon makes small incisions around the knee to insert an arthroscope (a small camera) and specialized instruments. The arthroscope provides a clear view inside the knee, allowing the surgeon to carefully excise the cyst and address any underlying intra-articular pathology, such as meniscal tears or cartilage damage, which could be contributing to the formation of the cyst.