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World Brain tumor day: Latest treatment techniques
World Brain Tumor Day is observed in order to raise awareness about brain tumors, educate the public, and support patients and their families. Brain tumors are abnormal growths that develop in the brain or spinal cord, and they can be both benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). The latest treatment techniques for brain tumors involve a multidisciplinary approach, combining surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Let's explore these techniques in more detail. Surgical removal of the tumor is often the first line of treatment. Advancements in surgical techniques, such as neuro-navigation systems and intraoperative MRI, allow surgeons to precisely. In some cases, awake craniotomy is performed to remove tumors located near critical brain regions. Stereotactic radiosurgery delivers highly focused radiation beams to the tumor while minimizing exposure to healthy tissues. Proton therapy is an advanced form of radiation therapy that uses protons instead of X-rays.
About the Speaker
Dr.Pradeep Kumar Karumanchi
Consultant Radiation Oncologist Yashoda Hospitals.
Cancer prevention and early detection
Cancer prevention starts with adopting a healthy lifestyle, including a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Avoid tobacco in all forms, as it is a major cause of several types of cancer, including lung, mouth, and throat cancers. Regular screening and early detection are crucial in detecting cancer at its earliest stages when treatment is most effective. Women should undergo regular breast self-examinations and mammograms to detect breast cancer early. Routine Pap tests can help detect cervical cancer in its early stages, offering a better chance of successful treatment. Regular dental check-ups are essential, as they may aid in the detection of oral cancers. Vaccinations against certain viruses, such as HPV and Hepatitis B, can help prevent infections linked to cancer. Limit exposure to environmental carcinogens, such as asbestos and industrial chemicals. Family history plays a role in cancer risk, so be aware of your family's medical history and discuss it with your doctor. Maintain a healthy weight, as obesity is linked to an increased risk of many cancers. Breastfeeding can reduce the risk of breast cancer in women. Avoid prolonged use of hormone replacement therapy unless necessary, as it may increase certain cancer risks.
HRD Evaluation in 4 types of Cancers
HRD (Homologous Recombination Deficiency) evaluation plays a crucial role in assessing the genetic characteristics and treatment strategies for various types of cancers. In breast cancer, it helps identify patients with DNA repair defects that may benefit from targeted therapies. In ovarian cancer aids in determining the potential responsiveness to PARP inhibitors, a class of drugs used in DNA repair-deficient tumors. In prostate cancer, it assists in identifying patients who may respond well to certain DNA-damaging agents or PARP inhibitors. Understanding HRD status in pancreatic cancer helps in identifying patients with defects in DNA repair pathways, which may influence treatment decisions. In lung cancer allows for the identification of patients who may benefit from DNA damage response-targeted therapies.
Colon cancer is a type of cancer that begins in the large intestine (colon). The colon is the final part of the digestive tract. Colon cancer typically affects older adults, though it can happen at any age. It usually begins as small, noncancerous (benign) clumps of cells called polyps that form on the inside of the colon. Over time some of these polyps can become colon cancers. Polyps may be small and produce few, if any, symptoms. For this reason, doctors recommend regular screening tests to help prevent colon cancer by identifying and removing polyps before they turn into cancer.
Cancer Screening: Overview
The goal of cancer screening is to identify cancers when they are small and easier to treat, which can increase the chances of survival. There are different types of cancer screening tests available, including imaging tests (such as mammograms or CT scans), blood tests, and tissue samples (such as Pap smears or colonoscopies). The frequency of cancer screening depends on various factors, including age, gender, family history, and personal medical history. False positive results can occur in cancer screening tests, which can lead to unnecessary follow-up procedures and anxiety. False negative results can also occur, which means that a cancer may be missed by a screening test.