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Understanding Post Stroke Rehabilitation: Speech and Swallow disorders
Stroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability in India. Speech and Swallowing disorders are common after stroke. The onset time of swallowing rehabilitation following stroke has an important role in the recovery of dysphagia and preventing complications. A stroke can also affect the muscles in the mouth and throat, making it a challenge to talk clearly. These side effects can make speaking, and reading more difficult. Therefore rehabilitation post stroke is an important skill to be owned by doctors, physios and nurses.
About the Speaker
Physiotherapist at Saifee Hospitals, Mumbai
Speech Therapy: Fundamentals
Speech therapy is a field of healthcare that focuses on helping individuals improve their communication skills. Speech therapists, also known as speech-language pathologists, work with people of all ages who have speech, language, or communication disorders. The goal of speech therapy is to improve communication abilities, enhance speech clarity, and increase language comprehension. Speech therapists are highly trained professionals who use evidence-based approaches to develop personalized treatment plans for each patient. Speech therapy can benefit individuals who have developmental delays, neurological conditions, or injuries that affect their ability to speak, understand, or process language. Some common conditions that speech therapists work with include stuttering, language delays, voice disorders, articulation disorders, and swallowing difficulties. The length of speech therapy varies depending on the child's needs and progress, but most children receive therapy for several months to several years. It can help children improve their vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure, as well as their ability to understand and follow directions.Speech therapy sessions typically involve a combination of exercises, activities, and games designed to improve communication skills.
Prevention &Management of Cricketer Injuries.
Cricket is a popular sport, played by millions of people around the world. However, like any sport, cricket can also result in injuries to players. These injuries can be caused by a number of factors, such as overuse, incorrect technique, or accidents. To prevent and manage cricketer injuries, it is important for players, coaches, and medical staff to understand the types of injuries that can occur and the best practices for prevention and treatment. Preventing cricketer injuries requires a comprehensive approach that includes proper training, conditioning, and equipment. One of the most important aspects of injury prevention is proper technique. Another important aspect of injury prevention is conditioning. Players should engage in a regular strength and conditioning program that includes exercises to improve flexibility, endurance, and strength. This can help reduce the risk of overuse injuries, such as stress fractures and tendonitis. Before a cricketer returns to play after an injury, they should undergo a thorough evaluation to ensure that they are fully recovered and able to play without risking further injury. The medical professional may recommend a gradual return to play, starting with low-intensity activities and gradually increasing in intensity over time.
Musculoskeletal screening, assessment and RT
Musculoskeletal screening is a systematic examination of the bones, joints, and muscles. The screening typically includes a physical exam, review of medical history, and observation of movement patterns. The assessment helps to determine the cause of pain or injury and guide the development of an appropriate treatment plan. Rehabilitation (RT) is the process of improving or restoring movement, strength, and function to an affected area of the body. The ultimate goal of RT is to reduce pain and improve mobility, allowing for a return to normal activities. RT may be prescribed for a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions, including arthritis, back pain, and sports injuries.
Principles of Sports Physio Assessment and Rehab
The field of sports physiotherapy, sports medicine, and orthopedic surgery has evolved into one where rehabilitation following sports injuries is handled by specialists. A cause for worry is the shifting nature of sports-related injuries and the dearth of facilities for rehabilitation in many parts of India. Injury specific rehabilitation protocols are being practiced worldwide but need to be introduced according to the nature of the sport as well as available facilities. Even in India, sports physicians are increasingly joining specialist rehabilitation teams, and they can help with medication, nutritional supplements, and specialized tests that could improve injury understanding.
Rehabilitation Recovery Strategies : Football Players
Recovery Strategies are imperative in team sports and elite soccer, where players can compete in >60 competitive matches per season. The most common recovery strategies used and perceived effective by football clubs include nutrition (97% of respondents), sleep (95%), cold-water immersion and contrast water therapy (78%), active recovery (81%) and compression garments.