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Overview of Rickets in Children
Rickets is a childhood disease where your child’s bones are too soft, causing their bones to warp, bend and break more easily. It’s typically caused by a lack of vitamin D, but in rare cases, is caused by an underlying genetic disorder.Rickets is different from osteomalacia, which is a similar condition seen in adults. The difference between the two is that rickets happens only in children because their bones are still growing, which causes the classic symptom of bowed or bent bones. Adults’ bones have already finished growing and they don’t have this symptom (unless they had untreated rickets as a child).While rickets is a treatable and often curable disease, it’s important to treat it as soon as possible. When not treated, milder cases of rickets can result in long-term bone that can keep bones from growing properly. Severe cases that aren’t treated can lead to seizures, heart damage and death.
About the Speaker
Consultant Radiation Oncologist and Pain and Palliative Care PhysicianYashoda Hospitals
Case Discussion on Management of Infantile Epilepsy
Infantile epilepsy, also known as early onset epilepsy, is a type of epilepsy that starts in the first two years of life. It is characterized by seizures that may be subtle, such as staring spells, or more obvious, such as convulsions. The causes of infantile epilepsy are varied and may be due to genetic factors, brain malformations, or brain injuries. The management of infantile epilepsy involves a comprehensive approach that focuses on controlling seizures, minimizing side effects of medications, and improving the quality of life of the child and their family. Treatment typically involves the use of antiepileptic drugs, which are selected based on the type of epilepsy and the age of the child.
Case Discussion on Hematuria in Children
In children, the causes of hematuria can range from simple infections to serious diseases such as kidney disorders or tumors. The color of the urine may vary from pink to red to brown, depending on the amount and type of blood present. Common causes of hematuria in children include urinary tract infections, bladder or kidney stones, and trauma to the urinary tract. Diagnostic tests for hematuria in children may include a physical examination, urine analysis, and imaging studies such as X-rays or ultrasound. Treatment for hematuria will depend on the underlying cause and may include antibiotics, surgery, or medication to manage associated symptoms.
Case Discussion on Neonatal Jaundice
Neonatal jaundice is characterized clinically by a yellowish discoloration of the skin, sclera, and mucous membrane and is caused by high total serum bilirubin (TSB). Unconjugated bilirubin's negative effects on the central nervous system are particularly dangerous for preterm infants and those born with congenital enzyme impairments. If left untreated, severe hyperbilirubinemia may produce acute and chronic bilirubin encephalopathy and bilirubin-induced neurological impairment.
Hemorrhagic Disease of the NewBorn
Hemorrhagic disease of the newborn is a life-threatening condition that is due to insufficient vitamin K levels in newborns as a result of various causes. Proper management of the disease can help reduce disease incidence. This activity outlines the evaluation and treatment of hemorrhagic disease of the newborn and explains the role of the interprofessional team in managing patients with this condition.