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Oral Cancer: Diagnosis & Management
The squamous cells in your mouth cavity are where oral cancer begins. Following behaviors are present in approximately 75% of those who acquire mouth cancer. Use tobacco products that are smokeless, including chewing tobacco, dip, snuff, or water pipes (hookah or shush), smoke cigarettes, cigars, or pipes, have human papillomavirus (HPV), or have a family history of oral cancer. Utilizing the TNM method, oral malignancies are staged. Chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery are the three primary types of treatment for oral (mouth) cancer.
About the Speaker
Dr. Avinash Chaitanya
MBBS, MS(ENT), Head and Neck Onco Surgeon,Care Hospitals, Hyderabad
Palliative care in cancer
Palliative care is a specialized form of medical care focused on improving the quality of life for people with serious illnesses, including cancer. It can be provided at any stage of cancer, and it can be offered alongside curative treatment. For cancer patients, it often includes pain management, symptom control, and support for emotional and psychological needs. It improves the overall quality of life for cancer patients, and may even extend their life expectancy. Palliative care is an important component of comprehensive cancer care, and should be considered as an essential part of a patient's treatment plan.
Surgery for Thyroid Cancer: Techniques and Outcomes
The most common surgical approach for thyroid cancer is a total thyroidectomy, which involves removing the entire thyroid gland. In some cases, a partial thyroidectomy may be performed if the cancer is confined to one lobe of the thyroid gland. Minimally invasive techniques such as endoscopic or robotic-assisted thyroid surgery may be used for smaller tumors or when preservation of the thyroid gland is desired. In some cases, lymph node dissection may also be performed to remove cancerous lymph nodes in the neck.
Thyroid Carcinoma: the Surgeon’s Perspective
Thyroid carcinoma is a type of cancer that develops in the thyroid gland, which is located in the neck and produces hormones that regulate metabolism. Total thyroidectomy, where the entire gland is removed, is typically recommended for papillary and follicular thyroid cancer. Lymph node dissection may also be performed to remove any cancerous lymph nodes in the neck. Advances in surgical techniques, such as the use of minimally invasive procedures, have improved outcomes for patients with thyroid carcinoma.
Cervical cancer – Screening and Prevention
Cervical cancer can often be prevented by having regular screenings with Pap tests and human papillomavirus (HPV) tests to find any precancers and treat them. It can also be prevented by receiving the HPV vaccine. To help prevent cervical cancer, HPV vaccination is recommended for all adolescents as part of their routine vaccines. It may be given starting at age 9. ASCO recommends that all women receive at least 1 HPV test, at a minimum, to screen for cervical cancer in their lifetime, with general frequencies being between every 5 to 10 years.
Stomach Cancer: Effects and Management
The location of the stomach cancer and the extent of its spread determine how it is treated. Stomach cancer is also referred to as gastric cancer. However, other elements including a person's age, general health, and preferences might also be crucial. If possible, surgery to remove the cancer is usually included in treatment since it provides the highest chance for long-term survival. However, if the cancer has progressed far or if a person is not in good enough health for it, surgery might not be a good option. In addition to or instead of surgery, other therapies like chemotherapy and radiation therapy are frequently used in medical care. In some circumstances, newer therapies including immunotherapy and medicines with specific targets may be beneficial.