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Management of side effects of Chemotherapy & Immunotherapy

The management of side effects associated with chemotherapy and immunotherapy is a critical aspect of cancer care to ensure patients can tolerate and complete their treatment. Chemotherapy commonly causes side effects such as nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and myelosuppression (reduced blood cell counts). Antiemetic medications, supportive care, and growth factor support are often utilized to alleviate these symptoms. Regular monitoring of blood counts helps manage myelosuppression, and adjustments to treatment doses may be considered. Immunotherapy, which aims to boost the body's immune response against cancer, can lead to immune-related adverse events (irAEs) affecting various organs. Common irAEs include skin rash, diarrhea, and endocrine dysfunction. Prompt recognition and management are essential to prevent severe complications. Corticosteroids are often used to suppress immune reactions, and in some cases, immunosuppressive agents may be necessary.

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Dr. Hala Abdellatif Profile Image

Dr. Hala Abdellatif

HOD & Specialist Oncologist Mediclinic, AUH

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The management of side effects associated with chemotherapy and immunotherapy is a critical aspect of cancer care to ensure patients can tolerate and complete their treatment. Chemotherapy commonly causes side effects such as nausea, vomiting, fatigue, and myelosuppression (reduced blood cell counts). Antiemetic medications, supportive care, and growth factor support are often utilized to alleviate these symptoms. Regular monitoring of blood counts helps manage myelosuppression, and adjustments to treatment doses may be considered. Immunotherapy, which aims to boost the body's immune response against cancer, can lead to immune-related adverse events (irAEs) affecting various organs. Common irAEs include skin rash, diarrhea, and endocrine dysfunction. Prompt recognition and management are essential to prevent severe complications. Corticosteroids are often used to suppress immune reactions, and in some cases, immunosuppressive agents may be necessary.