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Iron Deficiency Anemia in Pediatrics

Iron deficiency anemia in pediatrics is a common condition characterized by insufficient iron levels, leading to decreased hemoglobin production and reduced oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. It typically presents with symptoms such as fatigue, pallor, irritability, and poor feeding. Risk factors include premature birth, low birth weight, inadequate dietary intake, and rapid growth periods. Diagnosis is confirmed through laboratory tests showing low hemoglobin, hematocrit, and serum ferritin levels. Management involves dietary modifications to increase iron-rich foods, and iron supplementation with close monitoring of hematologic response and potential side effects such as gastrointestinal discomfort. Early detection and treatment are crucial to prevent cognitive and developmental delays.

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Dr. Sunil Jatana Profile Image

Dr. Sunil Jatana

Professor Pediatrics at Manipal University College, Malaysia

Dr. Sunil Jatana completed his MBBS and MD in Pediatrics from Armed Forces Medical College, Poona University, India. With 36 years of service in various teaching and other hospitals of the Armed Forces in India, he subsequently served as a Professor of Pediatrics at D.Y. Patil Medical College, Pune, India. Currently, he is a Professor of Pediatrics at Melaka Manipal Medical College, Malaysia. He is a recognized undergraduate and postgraduate teacher and examiner for MBBS, DCH, and MD programs at various universities in India. Previously, he was the executive editor of the Medical Journal Armed Forces India and currently serves as a referee for two medical journals in India. He has published 15 papers, presented numerous papers, and chaired scientific sessions at national conferences. Additionally, he is a member of the Indian Academy of Pediatrics and served on its Executive Board in 2011. Dr. Jatana has contributed extensively to the undergraduate pediatric nursing program and authored numerous papers on pediatric and neonatal nursing.

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Iron deficiency anemia in pediatrics is a common condition characterized by insufficient iron levels, leading to decreased hemoglobin production and reduced oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. It typically presents with symptoms such as fatigue, pallor, irritability, and poor feeding. Risk factors include premature birth, low birth weight, inadequate dietary intake, and rapid growth periods. Diagnosis is confirmed through laboratory tests showing low hemoglobin, hematocrit, and serum ferritin levels. Management involves dietary modifications to increase iron-rich foods, and iron supplementation with close monitoring of hematologic response and potential side effects such as gastrointestinal discomfort. Early detection and treatment are crucial to prevent cognitive and developmental delays.