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Exploring the Role of PET and CT Scans
PET and CT scans are medical imaging techniques that are used to diagnose and monitor a wide range of medical conditions. PET scans use a radioactive tracer that is injected into the patient's bloodstream. This tracer accumulates in the body's tissues, and the PET scanner detects the emitted radiation to create a 3D image of the body's metabolic activity. CT scans use X-rays to create detailed images of the body's internal structures. The scanner rotates around the patient, capturing multiple images from different angles, which are then reconstructed into a 3D image. PET-CT scans are commonly used to diagnose and monitor cancer, as cancerous cells typically have higher metabolic activity than healthy cells, making them more visible on the scan. They are non-invasive and do not typically require anesthesia. The patient may need to fast before the scan or avoid certain medications to ensure accurate results. They are generally safe, but they do expose the patient to radiation. The amount of radiation is small and considered safe for most patients
About the Speaker
Dr. Madhuvijay Pasupula
Consultant and Incharge of Nuclear Medicine, Yashoda Hospitals"
Careers in Internal Medicine: Journey from a MBBS graduate to Senior Consultant in Internal Medicine, Apollo Hospitals, Hyderabad
With 20 years of experience, Dr Rajib Paul is one of the best general physicians in Hyderabad. Having completed his MBBS and MD (general medicine) from Patna Medical College, his areas of specialization include infectious disease treatment, immunity therapy, irritable bowel syndrome treatment, vaccination/immunization, diabetes management, chronic pain treatment, arthritis management, rheumatic heart disease treatment, and plantar fasciitis. Dr Rajib is also a member of the esteemed Medical Council of India. Internal medicine physicians or general physicians are doctors who are trained in the diagnosis and treatment of diseases that affect the internal organs. They are well-equipped to accurately diagnose and effectively treat a wide range of medical conditions. A general physician is someone you may consult for any kind of medical condition. He will effectively evaluate and treat you depending on your condition. He may also recommend you to a specialist if needed. An internal medicine physician like Dr Paul is proficient in an array of medical procedures. He will physically examine you to assess your overall health and check for signs of abnormalities. He will prescribe medications to treat your medical conditions. He may order laboratory tests or diagnostic imaging techniques, such as X-ray, CT scan, MRI, and ultrasound to help diagnose certain medical conditions or to monitor the effectiveness of ongoing treatment. Detailed Experience 1. Intensivist at Escorts Hospital, Faridabad, Haryana (2001 - 2002) 2. Junior Consultant, Intensivist and Associate in charge of Medical ICU, Image Hospital, Ameerpet, Hyderabad (2002 - 2004) 3. Senior Consultant (Internal Medicine and Critical Care) at Apollo Hospitals, Hyderabad (2004 - till date) Learn from her experiences and insights to discover the immense potential of Gynecology as a career option. In this live online session, you will get a chance to hear directly from Dr.Rooma Sinha about her journey to becoming a renowned gynecologist . She will share the challenges she faced and the strategies he used to overcome them, providing valuable insights into what it takes to excel in this exciting and rewarding field. Don't miss this opportunity to gain a unique perspective on gynecology and get inspired to take the first steps towards a successful career in this field. Register now to secure your spot! Learn from her experiences and insights to discover the immense potential of critical care as a career option. In this live online session, you will get a chance to hear directly from Dr.Manimala Rao about her journey to becoming a renowned critical care physician. She will share the challenges she faced and the strategies she used to overcome them, providing valuable insights into what it takes to excel in this exciting and rewarding field. Don't miss this opportunity to gain a unique perspective on critical care and get inspired to take the first steps towards a successful career in this field. Register now to secure your spot! Learn from his experiences and insights to discover the immense potential of family medicine as a career option. In this live online session, you will get a chance to hear directly from Dr.Raman about his journey to becoming a renowned family medicine physician. He will share the challenges he faced and the strategies he used to overcome them, providing valuable insights into what it takes to excel in this exciting and rewarding field. Don't miss this opportunity to gain a unique perspective on family medicine and get inspired to take the first steps towards a successful career in this field. Register now to secure your spot!
Hypertension: mechanism and approach to target organ protection
Hypertension is a common condition characterized by abnormally high blood pressure levels. The mechanism underlying hypertension involves an increase in peripheral vascular resistance and/or an increase in cardiac output. Several factors can contribute to the development of hypertension, including age, family history, obesity, physical inactivity, and smoking. Hypertension can cause damage to target organs such as the heart, kidneys, and brain, leading to cardiovascular disease, renal failure, and stroke. Effective management of hypertension involves targeting the underlying mechanism and implementing measures to protect target organs from damage. The mainstay of hypertension management is lifestyle modifications, including weight loss, regular physical activity, and a healthy diet. In addition to lifestyle modifications, pharmacological interventions are also used to manage hypertension. Antihypertensive medications can be classified based on their mechanism of action, including diuretics, beta-blockers, calcium channel blockers, and angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors.
Anal abscess and Fistulas
Anal Abscess and Fistulas are common problems that affect millions of people every year. They can cause discomfort, pain, and embarrassment for those who suffer from them. But with the right knowledge and treatment, these conditions can be managed effectively. An Anal Abscess is a painful swelling that forms in the anal area. It is usually caused by a bacterial infection. The most common symptoms of an Anal Abscess include pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness in the affected area. In the case of Anal Fistulas, it is an abnormal connection between the anal canal or rectum and the skin surrounding the anus. The most common symptoms of a Fistula include pain, swelling, discharge of pus, and itching around the anus. There are different types of Fistulas, including Simple Fistulas, Complex Fistulas, and Recurrent Fistulas. Diagnosis of a Fistula usually involves a physical examination and imaging tests such as an MRI or CT scan.
Meningitis : In Febrile Infants
Meningitis is a serious infection that can cause inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Infants less than three months old are at a higher risk for meningitis because their immune system is not fully developed yet. Most common symptoms of meningitis in infants are fever, irritability, poor feeding, vomiting, and a bulging fontanelle, bacterial meningitis is more severe and requires prompt treatment with antibiotics. Treatment typically involves hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics or antiviral medication, depending on the cause of the infection.
Hyperlipidemia: Prevention and Management Strategies
Hyperlipidemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, which can lead to heart attack, stroke, and other serious health problems. There are two main types which include primary hyperlipidemia, which is caused by genetic factors, and secondary hyperlipidemia, which is caused by underlying health conditions such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, or kidney disease. Symptoms of hyperlipidemia are generally not noticeable, but it can be detected through a blood test called a lipid panel. Treatment typically involves lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise, and medications such as statins or fibrates may be prescribed to lower lipid levels.