Approach to Case of Ataxia in Children

Ataxia in children is a neurological disorder characterized by impaired coordination, balance, and voluntary muscle movements. Ataxia is a term used to describe a group of disorders that affect the cerebellum, a part of the brain responsible for coordination and balance. There are various types of ataxia in children, including hereditary ataxias (genetic), acquired ataxias (due to injury or illness), and idiopathic ataxia (of unknown cause). Common symptoms include unsteady gait, tremors, difficulty with fine motor skills, slurred speech, and problems with eye movements. Hereditary ataxias often result from genetic mutations, while acquired ataxias may be caused by brain injuries, infections, or toxins. Diagnosis involves a thorough medical history, physical examination, neurological tests, and imaging studies like MRI or CT scans to assess the brain's condition. Management depends on the underlying cause. Symptomatic treatment may include physical and occupational therapy to improve motor skills and assistive devices for mobility. In cases of hereditary ataxia, genetic counseling is essential to assess the risk of passing on the condition to future generations. The prognosis varies based on the type and severity of ataxia. Some forms may be progressive, while others remain stable or improve with therapy.

About the Speaker

Kushal Dilip Ugale
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Kushal Dilip Ugale

Consultant Clinical Psychologist at Sunshine Counselling and Therapy Center

Dr. Anuradha Sanadhya is a highly respected professor of pediatrics at RNT Medical College in Udaipur. Her remarkable contributions extend beyond academia, as she has held leadership roles such as President and Secretary in various prestigious medical associations, including the IAP Udaipur branch and the Women's Wing of the Rajasthan State IAP.

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