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Case Scenario: Role of Point Care Ultrasound in NICU

Point-of-care ultrasound in the NICU allows for early diagnosis of various conditions such as respiratory distress, intraventricular hemorrhage, and congenital heart defects, aiding in timely interventions. POCUS enables real-time bedside monitoring of neonatal patients, providing immediate feedback on cardiac function, lung status, and fluid balance without the need for transportation to a separate imaging facility. Unlike traditional imaging modalities such as X-rays and CT scans, POCUS uses ultrasound waves that do not involve ionizing radiation, making it safer for frequent use in critically ill neonates. POCUS helps assess hemodynamics, including cardiac output, systemic and pulmonary blood flow, and evaluation of ductus arteriosus patency, guiding treatment decisions in hemodynamically unstable infants. Lung ultrasound provides rapid assessment of lung aeration and helps differentiate between different lung pathologies, aiding in the management of respiratory distress syndrome and other respiratory conditions. POCUS devices are portable and easy to use at the bedside, allowing neonatologists and intensivists to obtain immediate diagnostic information during rounds or emergent situations.

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Dr. Avinash Kumar

Consultant Neonatologist, Head of Vedansh Group Of Hospitals, Delhi

Dr. Avinash Kumar DM Neonatology, DrNB Neonatology, Consultant Neonatologist Founder and Director - A K POCUS. He is a  passionate Neonatologist and Perinatologist dedicated to providing specialized care to newborns and supporting their families during the critical early stages of life. He aims to share valuable insights, debunk common myths, and provide support to parents who find themselves on a unique and challenging NICU journey.

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Point-of-care ultrasound in the NICU allows for early diagnosis of various conditions such as respiratory distress, intraventricular hemorrhage, and congenital heart defects, aiding in timely interventions. POCUS enables real-time bedside monitoring of neonatal patients, providing immediate feedback on cardiac function, lung status, and fluid balance without the need for transportation to a separate imaging facility. Unlike traditional imaging modalities such as X-rays and CT scans, POCUS uses ultrasound waves that do not involve ionizing radiation, making it safer for frequent use in critically ill neonates. POCUS helps assess hemodynamics, including cardiac output, systemic and pulmonary blood flow, and evaluation of ductus arteriosus patency, guiding treatment decisions in hemodynamically unstable infants. Lung ultrasound provides rapid assessment of lung aeration and helps differentiate between different lung pathologies, aiding in the management of respiratory distress syndrome and other respiratory conditions. POCUS devices are portable and easy to use at the bedside, allowing neonatologists and intensivists to obtain immediate diagnostic information during rounds or emergent situations.