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Renal Replacement Therapy World Kidney Day
Renal Replacement therapy is used to replace the lost functions of the kidneys, such as filtering the blood, regulating electrolyte balance, and producing hormones. There are two main types of RRT: hemodialysis (HD) and peritoneal dialysis (PD). Hemodialysis is a process that involves removing blood from the body, filtering it through a machine, and then returning it to the body. PD involves using the lining of the abdomen as a filter for waste and excess fluid removal. RRT can help patients maintain their quality of life by improving their symptoms, reducing complications, and extending their lifespan. Choice of RRT modality is based on various factors such as age, health status, lifestyle, and preferences of the patient.
About the Speaker
Dr. Govardhan Gupta
MBBS, DNB (General Medicine), DNB (Nephrology), MNAMS (New Delhi)
Relieve UTI : A guide to Healthier Bladder
UTI, or urinary tract infection, is a common condition that affects many people, especially women. It is caused by the presence of bacteria in the urinary tract, which can lead to symptoms such as frequent urination, pain or burning during urination, and cloudy or strong-smelling urine. In some cases, untreated or recurrent UTIs can lead to more serious complications such as kidney infections, so it's important to seek medical attention if symptoms persist or worsen.
Renal Transplant : A case study of ideal
Compared to continuing on dialysis, kidney transplantation is linked to improved quality of life and mortality. As a result, for the majority of patients, it is the best treatment for kidney failure. General nephrologists and internists frequently look after kidney transplant recipients after the first six months following the procedure, during which time transplantation nephrologists normally take care of the patient. Drug interactions are frequent and often lead to toxicities, rejection, and graft damage. Long-term immunosuppression-related infections and cancers may be difficult to diagnose and cure.
Guidelines for Management- Dialysis Safety
Usually, additional medications to imitate kidney functions are needed for dialysis patients. Phosphate binders and erythropoiesis-stimulating substances fall under this category. Any medications a patient is taking should be evaluated because many medications rely on the kidneys for clearance and excretion. Due to the possibility of accumulation, the effects of dialysis are more substantial for medications used over an extended period of time; medications administered as a single or loading dosage hardly ever require adjustment.
Acute kidney Injury (AKI)
Acute renal failure (ARF), commonly referred to as acute kidney injury (AKI), is a brief period of kidney damage or failure that lasts a few hours to a few days. AKI makes it difficult for your kidneys to maintain the proper balance of fluid in your body and leads to a buildup of waste products in your blood. Other organs like the brain, heart, and lungs may also be impacted by AKI. Patients in hospitals, intensive care units, and older persons in particular frequently get acute renal injury.
Chronic Kidney Diseases
Chronic kidney disease involves a gradual loss of kidney function. Your kidneys filter wastes and excess fluids from your blood, which are then removed in your urine. Advanced chronic kidney disease can cause dangerous levels of fluid, electrolytes and wastes to build up in your body. In the early stages of chronic kidney disease, you might have few signs or symptoms. You might not realize that you have kidney disease until the condition is advanced.Treatment for chronic kidney disease focuses on slowing the progression of kidney damage, usually by controlling the cause. But, even controlling the cause might not keep kidney damage from progressing. Chronic kidney disease can progress to end-stage kidney failure, which is fatal without artificial filtering (dialysis) or a kidney transplant