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Inflammatory Bowel Disorders: Types

Crohn's disease is a type of IBD that can affect any part of the digestive tract, causing inflammation and ulcers. It commonly involves the end of the small intestine (ileum) and the beginning of the large intestine (colon). Ulcerative colitis is characterized by inflammation and ulcers in the lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. It typically starts in the rectum and can extend continuously into the colon. Some cases of IBD cannot be clearly classified as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis due to overlapping features or atypical presentations. This is referred to as indeterminate colitis.Microscopic colitis includes two subtypes: collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis. These conditions are characterized by chronic inflammation of the colon lining visible only under a microscope. While primarily known for causing mouth sores and skin lesions, Behçet's disease can also involve the gastrointestinal tract, leading to ulcers and inflammation resembling Crohn's disease.

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Dr. Rajendra Patel Profile Image

Dr. Rajendra Patel

Senior Consultant Gastroenterologist, AIG Hospitals, Hyderabad

Dr. Rajendra Patel is an esteemed Indian gastroenterologist specializing in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and therapeutic endoscopy. Dr. Patel has extensive experience in IBD management, having served as a Consultant at AIG Hospitals, Hyderabad. He is recognized for his contributions to research, with notable publications in esteemed journals like Gut and Journal of Crohn's and Colitis, covering topics such as microbial profiles in Crohn's disease and the role of interventional IBD therapies.

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Crohn's disease is a type of IBD that can affect any part of the digestive tract, causing inflammation and ulcers. It commonly involves the end of the small intestine (ileum) and the beginning of the large intestine (colon). Ulcerative colitis is characterized by inflammation and ulcers in the lining of the large intestine (colon) and rectum. It typically starts in the rectum and can extend continuously into the colon. Some cases of IBD cannot be clearly classified as Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis due to overlapping features or atypical presentations. This is referred to as indeterminate colitis.Microscopic colitis includes two subtypes: collagenous colitis and lymphocytic colitis. These conditions are characterized by chronic inflammation of the colon lining visible only under a microscope. While primarily known for causing mouth sores and skin lesions, Behçet's disease can also involve the gastrointestinal tract, leading to ulcers and inflammation resembling Crohn's disease.