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congenital abnormalities and developmental disorders
Congenital abnormalities and developmental disorders refer to a wide range of conditions that affect the growth and development of an individual from birth. These abnormalities can result from genetic factors, environmental influences, or a combination of both. Congenital abnormalities are present at birth and can affect various body systems, including the nervous system, cardiovascular system, musculoskeletal system, and others. Developmental disorders, on the other hand, may become apparent as a child grows and fails to reach developmental milestones. One common example of a congenital abnormality is Down syndrome, which is caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21. Other congenital abnormalities include cleft lip and palate, congenital heart defects, spina bifida, and clubfoot. Developmental disorders encompass conditions such as autism spectrum disorder (ASD), attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and intellectual disability. The exact causes of many of these conditions are not fully understood, although research suggests a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Prenatal exposure to certain substances, maternal infections, and maternal health conditions can increase the risk of congenital abnormalities. Early detection and intervention play a crucial role in managing and improving outcomes for individuals with these conditions.Congenital abnormalities and developmental disorders can have a significant impact on a person's physical, cognitive, and social development.
About the Speaker
Dr Richika Sahay
Director at India IVF Clinic Head Fertility specialist and Gynec-Laparoscopic surgeon at Fortis Hospital
Basics of endoscopy for Gynecology Treatment
Endoscopy is a minimally invasive medical procedure used in gynecology for diagnostic and treatment purposes. It involves the insertion of a thin, flexible tube with a camera (hysteroscope or laparoscope) into the vaginal or abdominal cavity to visualize and examine the reproductive organs, such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Gynecological endoscopy allows for the diagnosis of conditions like fibroids, polyps, and endometriosis, as well as the performance of surgical procedures like hysterectomy, myomectomy, and tubal ligation with smaller incisions and quicker recovery times compared to traditional open surgery, making it a valuable tool in women's healthcare.