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PCOS and Fertility: A Comprehensive Overview

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder affecting reproductive-aged women, characterized by hormonal imbalances. PCOS can significantly impact fertility due to irregular menstrual cycles, anovulation, and follicular cysts on the ovaries. Insulin resistance and elevated levels of androgens, such as testosterone, are common features of PCOS that can further affect fertility. Women with PCOS may experience difficulties in conceiving naturally and may require assistance from fertility treatments. Ovulation induction medications, such as clomiphene citrate or letrozole, are often used to stimulate ovulation in women with PCOS. In vitro fertilization (IVF) may be recommended for women with PCOS who do not respond to conventional fertility treatments. Lifestyle modifications, including weight loss and dietary changes, can improve fertility outcomes in women with PCOS, especially those who are overweight or obese. PCOS-related infertility can also be addressed through management of associated symptoms, such as acne, hirsutism, and irregular periods. Women with PCOS should work closely with healthcare providers specializing in reproductive endocrinology to optimize fertility and pregnancy outcomes.Despite challenges, many women with PCOS are able to achieve successful pregnancies with appropriate medical interventions and support.

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Dr. Dilini Ilukpitiya

Gynecologist & Fertility Specialist Ministry of Health, Srilanka

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Dr. Dilini Ilukpitiya
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Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine disorder affecting reproductive-aged women, characterized by hormonal imbalances. PCOS can significantly impact fertility due to irregular menstrual cycles, anovulation, and follicular cysts on the ovaries. Insulin resistance and elevated levels of androgens, such as testosterone, are common features of PCOS that can further affect fertility. Women with PCOS may experience difficulties in conceiving naturally and may require assistance from fertility treatments. Ovulation induction medications, such as clomiphene citrate or letrozole, are often used to stimulate ovulation in women with PCOS. In vitro fertilization (IVF) may be recommended for women with PCOS who do not respond to conventional fertility treatments. Lifestyle modifications, including weight loss and dietary changes, can improve fertility outcomes in women with PCOS, especially those who are overweight or obese. PCOS-related infertility can also be addressed through management of associated symptoms, such as acne, hirsutism, and irregular periods. Women with PCOS should work closely with healthcare providers specializing in reproductive endocrinology to optimize fertility and pregnancy outcomes.Despite challenges, many women with PCOS are able to achieve successful pregnancies with appropriate medical interventions and support.