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Placental disorders refer to a group of conditions that affect the function and structure of the placenta during pregnancy. One common placental disorder is placental abruption, which occurs when the placenta detaches from the uterine wall before delivery, leading to bleeding and potentially compromising the oxygen and nutrient supply to the fetus. Placenta previa is another placental disorder where the placenta partially or completely covers the cervix, posing a risk of bleeding during pregnancy or labor. Placental insufficiency is a condition in which the placenta is unable to provide adequate oxygen and nutrients to the growing fetus, potentially resulting in intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) or low birth weight. Preeclampsia is a hypertensive disorder that affects both the mother and the placenta, characterized by high blood pressure and organ damage. It can impair placental function and lead to complications such as fetal growth restriction or preterm birth.
About the Speaker
Dr. Yamini Dhar
Specalist in Obstrectics & Gynaecology, AlZahra Hospitals, UAE
Basics of endoscopy for Gynecology Treatment
Endoscopy is a minimally invasive medical procedure used in gynecology for diagnostic and treatment purposes. It involves the insertion of a thin, flexible tube with a camera (hysteroscope or laparoscope) into the vaginal or abdominal cavity to visualize and examine the reproductive organs, such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries. Gynecological endoscopy allows for the diagnosis of conditions like fibroids, polyps, and endometriosis, as well as the performance of surgical procedures like hysterectomy, myomectomy, and tubal ligation with smaller incisions and quicker recovery times compared to traditional open surgery, making it a valuable tool in women's healthcare.