Neonatal Hypoglycemia

Neonatal hypoglycemia refers to low blood sugar levels in newborns, a condition that can occur within the first few days of life.It is most commonly seen in infants born to mothers with diabetes, preterm infants, or those with intrauterine growth restriction. The developing brain is highly sensitive to glucose levels, making neonatal hypoglycemia a concern due to its potential impact on neurological development. Symptoms of neonatal hypoglycemia may include jitteriness, poor feeding, lethargy, and, in severe cases, seizures. Early identification and monitoring of at-risk infants are crucial to prevent long-term complications associated with low blood sugar levels. Interventions often involve adjusting feeding practices, such as more frequent breastfeeding or formula supplementation, to maintain optimal glucose levels.Point-of-care glucose monitoring and laboratory tests are used to assess and manage neonatal hypoglycemia. Timely and appropriate treatment is essential to prevent complications, as persistent low blood sugar levels can lead to neurological deficits.Neonates born to mothers with gestational diabetes may be closely monitored, as they are at an increased risk of hypoglycemia. The management of neonatal hypoglycemia requires a multidisciplinary approach involving neonatologists, pediatricians, and nursing staff to ensure optimal care and neurodevelopmental outcomes.

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Dr Subrata Dey
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Dr Subrata Dey

Senior Pediatric Endocrinologist at Apollo Gleneagles Hospital, Kolkata

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