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Mitral Valve stenosis: An overview

Mitral valve stenosis is a heart condition that affects the opening and closing of the mitral valve, which is responsible for regulating blood flow between the left atrium and ventricle. This condition occurs when the mitral valve becomes stiff or narrowed, restricting blood flow and causing symptoms such as shortness of breath, fatigue, and palpitations. There are several causes of mitral valve stenosis, including rheumatic fever, congenital heart defects, and calcium deposits on the valve. Diagnosis of mitral valve stenosis is typically made through a physical exam, electrocardiogram, echocardiogram, and other imaging tests. Treatment for mitral valve stenosis may involve medication to manage symptoms, as well as procedures such as balloon valvuloplasty or valve replacement surgery. The choice of treatment depends on the severity of the stenosis and the overall health of the patient.

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Dr KK Kapur
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Dr KK Kapur

MBBS, MD, DM, Interventional Cardiologist Senior Consultant, New Delhi, India

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