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Maternal Collapse: Obstetric Emergency

Maternal Collapse is a critical obstetric emergency that involves the sudden and severe deterioration of a pregnant or postpartum woman's condition. It is characterized by a rapid decline in vital signs and can result from various causes, such as hemorrhage, eclampsia, amniotic fluid embolism, cardiac arrest, or septic shock. Immediate recognition and intervention are crucial to prevent maternal morbidity and mortality. Prevention of maternal collapse involves adequate prenatal care, risk assessment, and management of underlying conditions. Educating healthcare professionals about early recognition and proper management of obstetric emergencies is vital to ensuring the best outcomes for both mother and baby. Clinicians must be vigilant in monitoring pregnant and postpartum patients for signs of distress, including altered mental status, hypotension, tachycardia, and respiratory distress. Timely administration of appropriate interventions such as oxygen therapy, fluid resuscitation, blood transfusions, and medications like uterotonics or anticonvulsants can help stabilize the patient's condition.

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Dr. Yamini Dhar 
 
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Dr. Yamini Dhar ​

Specialist in Obstetrics & Gynaecology, AlZahra Hospitals, UAE

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Maternal Collapse is a critical obstetric emergency that involves the sudden and severe deterioration of a pregnant or postpartum woman's condition. It is characterized by a rapid decline in vital signs and can result from various causes, such as hemorrhage, eclampsia, amniotic fluid embolism, cardiac arrest, or septic shock. Immediate recognition and intervention are crucial to prevent maternal morbidity and mortality. Prevention of maternal collapse involves adequate prenatal care, risk assessment, and management of underlying conditions. Educating healthcare professionals about early recognition and proper management of obstetric emergencies is vital to ensuring the best outcomes for both mother and baby. Clinicians must be vigilant in monitoring pregnant and postpartum patients for signs of distress, including altered mental status, hypotension, tachycardia, and respiratory distress. Timely administration of appropriate interventions such as oxygen therapy, fluid resuscitation, blood transfusions, and medications like uterotonics or anticonvulsants can help stabilize the patient's condition.