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Management of Delirium in Critical Care

Delirium in critical care requires prompt recognition and management due to its association with poor patient outcomes. Multidisciplinary collaboration is essential for effective delirium management in the critical care setting. The use of validated delirium assessment tools, such as the Confusion Assessment Method for ICU (CAM-ICU), aids in early detection. Identifying and addressing underlying causes, such as infections, medication interactions, and metabolic imbalances, is crucial in managing delirium. Non-pharmacological interventions, including maintaining a consistent environment and promoting sleep, can help prevent and manage delirium. When pharmacological intervention is necessary, low-dose antipsychotics like haloperidol or quetiapine are commonly used. However, caution should be exercised with antipsychotic use, especially in elderly patients, due to the risk of adverse effects. Dexmedetomidine, an alpha-2 adrenergic agonist, has shown promise in managing delirium while promoting sedation and analgesia. Regularly reassessing the patient's cognitive status and delirium risk factors is essential to tailor management strategies.

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Dr. Viny Kantroo

Respiratory, Critical Care and Sleep Medicine Senior Consultant Indraprastha Apollo Hospital, New Delhi

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Dr. Viny Kantroo's Talks on Assimilate

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Dr. Viny Kantroo
  • 10th-August-2023, TIME : 5:00PM - 6:00PM
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Delirium in critical care requires prompt recognition and management due to its association with poor patient outcomes. Multidisciplinary collaboration is essential for effective delirium management in the critical care setting. The use of validated delirium assessment tools, such as the Confusion Assessment Method for ICU (CAM-ICU), aids in early detection. Identifying and addressing underlying causes, such as infections, medication interactions, and metabolic imbalances, is crucial in managing delirium. Non-pharmacological interventions, including maintaining a consistent environment and promoting sleep, can help prevent and manage delirium. When pharmacological intervention is necessary, low-dose antipsychotics like haloperidol or quetiapine are commonly used. However, caution should be exercised with antipsychotic use, especially in elderly patients, due to the risk of adverse effects. Dexmedetomidine, an alpha-2 adrenergic agonist, has shown promise in managing delirium while promoting sedation and analgesia. Regularly reassessing the patient's cognitive status and delirium risk factors is essential to tailor management strategies.

webinar
Dr. Viny Kantroo
  • 10th-August-2023, TIME : 5:00PM - 6:00PM
  • 0

Delirium in critical care requires prompt recognition and management due to its association with poor patient outcomes. Multidisciplinary collaboration is essential for effective delirium management in the critical care setting. The use of validated delirium assessment tools, such as the Confusion Assessment Method for ICU (CAM-ICU), aids in early detection. Identifying and addressing underlying causes, such as infections, medication interactions, and metabolic imbalances, is crucial in managing delirium. Non-pharmacological interventions, including maintaining a consistent environment and promoting sleep, can help prevent and manage delirium. When pharmacological intervention is necessary, low-dose antipsychotics like haloperidol or quetiapine are commonly used. However, caution should be exercised with antipsychotic use, especially in elderly patients, due to the risk of adverse effects. Dexmedetomidine, an alpha-2 adrenergic agonist, has shown promise in managing delirium while promoting sedation and analgesia. Regularly reassessing the patient's cognitive status and delirium risk factors is essential to tailor management strategies.