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Infertility Management: Understanding Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is one of the most common hormonal disorders among women of reproductive age. PCOS is a common diagnosis in women presenting with infertility. Polycystic ovary syndrome causes irregular menstrual cycles, excessive body or facial hair and polycystic ovaries as its main symptoms. Polycystic means "many cysts," and PCOS often causes clusters of small, pearl-sized cysts in the ovaries. Early diagnosis of PCOS is important as it has been linked to an increased risk for developing several medical conditions including insulin resistance, type 2 diabetes, high cholesterol, high blood pressure and heart disease. PCOS is an emerging health problem during adolescence therefore promotion of healthy lifestyles and early interventions are required to prevent future morbidities
About the Speaker
Dr Krishna Kumari
Consultant Gynecology, Apollo Hospital
“Impact of Pregnancy on Long Term Health World Women’s Day”
Pregnancy can have both positive and negative impacts on a woman's long-term health, depending on various factors such as age, pre-existing health conditions, and lifestyle habits. It can increase the risk of developing certain chronic health conditions such as hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular disease, especially in women who had gestational diabetes or preeclampsia during their pregnancy. On the other hand, pregnancy is known to have a protective effect against certain types of cancer such as ovarian and endometrial cancer, especially if a woman has had multiple pregnancies. It can have lasting effects on a woman's mental health, with some studies suggesting that women who experience postpartum depression may have an increased risk of depression and anxiety in the long-term.
Role of Anaesthesia in sustainable environment
Anesthesia plays a crucial role in reducing the carbon footprint of medical procedures by reducing the length of surgery and recovery time, leading to lower energy consumption and waste generation. The implementation of sustainable practices in anesthesia can also lead to cost savings for healthcare systems, further promoting environmental sustainability. By carefully monitoring and controlling the use of anesthetic drugs, waste and pollution can be reduced, while ensuring patient safety and comfort.
Sleep Disorders in pregnancy
Pregnant women are at a higher risk for sleep apnea, a condition where breathing stops during sleep. RLS is a condition that causes an uncomfortable feeling in the legs and an urge to move them, interfering with sleep. Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause night sweats, leading to disrupted sleep. Aches and pains in the joints and muscles can make it difficult to get comfortable and fall asleep .Gastrointestinal issues like Heartburn, nausea, and other digestive problems can interfere with sleep during pregnancy.
Cancer Cervix: Symptoms, Signs, Prevention and Vaccination.
Cervical cancer begins when healthy cells in the cervix develop changes (mutations) in their DNA. A cell's DNA contains the instructions that tell a cell what to do. Squamous cell carcinoma, this type of cervical cancer begins in the thin, flat cells (squamous cells) lining the outer part of the cervix, which projects into the vagina. Most cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. Risk factors for cervical cancer include Many sexual partners, early sexual activity, other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Having other STIs — such as chlamydia, gonorrhea, syphilis and HIV/AIDS — increases your risk of HPV, smoking.
Infertility Studies Role of Epigenetics
Infertility affects 10% of the reproductive-age population. Even the most successful treatments such as assisted reproductive technologies still result in failed implantation. Despite the underlying infertility etiology, epigenetic modifications as a result of the infertility treatment have been implicated in chronic long-term disease.The age related epigenetic changes have been found in female reproductive organs, and the effect of the changes that may contribute to reproductive outcomes.