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Different types of shock: Case presentation

Hypovolemic shock occurs due to severe blood or fluid loss, leading to inadequate circulating volume. Cardiogenic shock results from the inability of the heart to pump sufficient blood to meet the body's needs.Anaphylactic shock is a severe allergic reaction that causes widespread dilation of blood vessels and a drop in blood pressure. Septic shock arises from a severe infection that triggers a systemic inflammatory response and damages blood vessels. Neurogenic shock is caused by the disruption of the autonomic nervous system, leading to widespread vasodilation and decreased blood pressure. Obstructive shock occurs when there is an obstruction to blood flow, such as a pulmonary embolism or cardiac tamponade. Distributive shock is characterized by excessive vasodilation and the pooling of blood in the peripheral vessels. Distributive shock is characterized by excessive vasodilation and the pooling of blood in the peripheral vessels. Cardiac tamponade is a type of obstructive shock caused by the accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac, compressing the heart. Tension pneumothorax is another obstructive shock caused by the buildup of air in the pleural space, compressing the lungs and heart. Spinal shock results from spinal cord injury, causing temporary loss of sympathetic nervous system function and hypotension. Toxic shock syndrome is a rare but life-threatening condition caused by bacterial toxins, often associated with tampon use.

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Dr. Dhavapalani Alagappan

Clinical Director, Emergency Departments, Apollo Hospitals, Chennai Division

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Hypovolemic shock occurs due to severe blood or fluid loss, leading to inadequate circulating volume. Cardiogenic shock results from the inability of the heart to pump sufficient blood to meet the body's needs.Anaphylactic shock is a severe allergic reaction that causes widespread dilation of blood vessels and a drop in blood pressure. Septic shock arises from a severe infection that triggers a systemic inflammatory response and damages blood vessels. Neurogenic shock is caused by the disruption of the autonomic nervous system, leading to widespread vasodilation and decreased blood pressure. Obstructive shock occurs when there is an obstruction to blood flow, such as a pulmonary embolism or cardiac tamponade. Distributive shock is characterized by excessive vasodilation and the pooling of blood in the peripheral vessels. Distributive shock is characterized by excessive vasodilation and the pooling of blood in the peripheral vessels. Cardiac tamponade is a type of obstructive shock caused by the accumulation of fluid in the pericardial sac, compressing the heart. Tension pneumothorax is another obstructive shock caused by the buildup of air in the pleural space, compressing the lungs and heart. Spinal shock results from spinal cord injury, causing temporary loss of sympathetic nervous system function and hypotension. Toxic shock syndrome is a rare but life-threatening condition caused by bacterial toxins, often associated with tampon use.