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Diabetes Mellitus- Oral Hypoglycemic Drugs
In those with diabetes whose systems still manufacture some insulin, oral diabetic medications aid in blood glucose control. The following list of oral pharmaceutical types is organized by drug classifications and functional characteristics. People with type 2 diabetes and other conditions where the body still produces some insulin may benefit from taking oral diabetes medications (taken by mouth) to help control blood sugar (glucose) levels. Along with regular exercise and dietary adjustments, these medications are given. For the best blood glucose control, many oral diabetic medicines may be combined with one another or with insulin. The various oral diabetic medications are described in general detail in this guide. You will gain additional knowledge about your drug. Take your medications exactly as prescribed by your doctor.
About the Speaker
Dr. Harikishan Boorugu
MD, DM Internal Medicine Yashoda Hospital
Diabetes in critically ill patient
Critically ill patients are at a higher risk of developing diabetes due to the stress on their body. Hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, is a common complication of insulin therapy in critically ill patients with diabetes. Malnutrition, Infections can exacerbate diabetes in critically ill patients and lead to poor outcomes. Sepsis is a common complication which can lead to organ failure and increase mortality. Medications commonly used in critically ill patients, such as corticosteroids, can worsen glucose control in patients with diabetes. Critically ill patients with diabetes may require insulin pump therapy or continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) to manage their blood sugar levels effectively.
Retinopathy diabetes- An overview
Diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of visual loss in western adults of working age. Among diabetes mellitus microvascular complications, this is the most common. When the retina is damaged to the point of threatening vision, diabetic retinopathy can cause blindness. People with diabetes can suffer from diabetic retinopathy. The retina is damaged when blood vessels are damaged by high blood sugar levels. There is a possibility of swelling and leakage of these blood vessels. They can also close, preventing blood from passing through.
Cardiometabolic case on Diabetes: Know Diabetes By Heart
Diabetes produces acute and chronic toxicity to vascular endothelium in the patients resulting in spikes in hyperglycemia due to exposure to postprandial glucose. This causes microvascular and macrovascular complications.Damage to blood vessels starts early in such conditions.CVD and diabetes are interrelated,treatment focuses on the shared pathophysiologic mechanism of the diseases.
Gestational Diabetes: case approach
Gestational diabetes occurs when your body can’t make enough insulin during your pregnancy. During pregnancy, body makes more hormones and goes through other changes, such as weight gain. These changes cause your body’s cells to use insulin less effectively, a condition called insulin resistance. Insulin resistance increases your body’s need for insulin. All pregnant women have some insulin resistance during late pregnancy. However, some women have insulin resistance even before they get pregnant. They start pregnancy with an increased need for insulin and are more likely to have gestational diabetes.