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Decoding of Infection prevention
Since the advent of international jet travel, bacteria and viruses once confined to remote regions have frequently hitched rides with passengers, crossing multiple time zones in a matter of hours. As globalization continues apace, the public health community is redoubling its efforts to contain the spread of infections. Researchers at Boston University are bringing together their expertise in science, engineering, medicine, and health care management, as well as the specialized skills of investigators scheduled to work at BU’s National Emerging Infectious Diseases Laboratories (NEIDL) when the facility is fully functional, to speed up vaccine and drug discovery and to advance innovative health care delivery solutions for some of the world’s most vulnerable populations.
About the Speaker
Dr. Kavita Diddi
Specialist Microbiologist, Prime Healthcare Group, UAE .Ex-General Secretary, Emirates Society of Clinical Microbiology, UAE.
Hyperlipidemia: Prevention and Management Strategies
Hyperlipidemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, which can lead to heart attack, stroke, and other serious health problems. There are two main types which include primary hyperlipidemia, which is caused by genetic factors, and secondary hyperlipidemia, which is caused by underlying health conditions such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, or kidney disease. Symptoms of hyperlipidemia are generally not noticeable, but it can be detected through a blood test called a lipid panel. Treatment typically involves lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise, and medications such as statins or fibrates may be prescribed to lower lipid levels.
Role of Anaesthesia in sustainable environment
Anesthesia plays a crucial role in reducing the carbon footprint of medical procedures by reducing the length of surgery and recovery time, leading to lower energy consumption and waste generation. The implementation of sustainable practices in anesthesia can also lead to cost savings for healthcare systems, further promoting environmental sustainability. By carefully monitoring and controlling the use of anesthetic drugs, waste and pollution can be reduced, while ensuring patient safety and comfort.
Resuscitation of Trauma
The goal of resuscitation following trauma is to restore blood flow and oxygenation to vital organs and prevent further injury. Trauma patients are often critically ill and may require rapid transport to a trauma center for advanced care. The use of advanced imaging and diagnostic techniques, such as CT scans, can aid in the identification and treatment of injuries. Hemorrhage control, either through direct pressure or surgical intervention, is often a key component of trauma resuscitation. The use of damage control surgery, which focuses on stabilizing the patient's condition rather than definitive repair, may be necessary in some cases.
Ultrasound in ER
Ultrasound is a non-invasive diagnostic tool that uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of the inside of the body. It can be performed at the bedside, which allows for rapid diagnosis and treatment. Ultrasound is particularly useful in ER because it does not expose the patient to ionizing radiation, unlike X-ray and CT scans. It is also useful in evaluating pregnancy-related emergencies such as ectopic pregnancy and miscarriage.
Benign prostate Hyperplasia
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) also called prostate gland enlargement is a common condition as men get older. An enlarged prostate gland can cause uncomfortable urinary symptoms, such as blocking the flow of urine out of the bladder. It can also cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems. As the gland enlarges, it can squeeze the urethra. The bladder wall becomes thicker. Over time the bladder may weaken and lose the ability to empty fully. Urine then remains in the bladder. These problems cause many of the lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) of BPH. If you are not able to pass urine at all (called retention) or if you have renal failure, immediate attention is required. But, other symptoms like weak urine stream or the need to push or strain can many times be monitored.