Case Discussion on Management of GERD

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a chronic condition characterized by the backward flow of stomach acid and digestive juices into the esophagus. Lifestyle modifications play a crucial role in managing GERD, such as avoiding trigger foods, maintaining a healthy weight, and elevating the head of the bed during sleep. Dietary changes, such as reducing acidic and fatty foods, can alleviate GERD symptoms and prevent exacerbation. Over-the-counter antacids provide short-term relief by neutralizing stomach acid, but they are not a long-term solution for managing GERD. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are commonly prescribed medications that reduce stomach acid production and promote healing of the esophagus. H2 receptor antagonists are another class of medications that block histamine production and decrease acid production in the stomach. Regular exercise can aid in managing GERD by promoting weight loss and improving overall digestive health. Avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption is crucial, as both can worsen GERD symptoms and interfere with treatment.

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Medical gastroenterology Consultant, GEM hospital, Coimbatore

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