- 58.8k views
Case Based Collaborative learning on dealing with diabetes challenge
Recent challenges in diabetes management involves, maximum use of therapies to have suitable glycemic,blood pressure and lipid control and to reduce the chance of complications,and awareness of patients on self-management and improving patients lifestyle and dietary habits. Today our guest will be telling us about the complications and the management of diabetes
About the Speaker
Dr. Swati Panbude
Assistant Professor,Biochemistry,Datta Megha Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha
World Brain tumor day: Latest treatment techniques
World Brain Tumor Day is observed in order to raise awareness about brain tumors, educate the public, and support patients and their families. Brain tumors are abnormal growths that develop in the brain or spinal cord, and they can be both benign (non-cancerous) or malignant (cancerous). The latest treatment techniques for brain tumors involve a multidisciplinary approach, combining surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Let's explore these techniques in more detail. Surgical removal of the tumor is often the first line of treatment. Advancements in surgical techniques, such as neuro-navigation systems and intraoperative MRI, allow surgeons to precisely. In some cases, awake craniotomy is performed to remove tumors located near critical brain regions. Stereotactic radiosurgery delivers highly focused radiation beams to the tumor while minimizing exposure to healthy tissues. Proton therapy is an advanced form of radiation therapy that uses protons instead of X-rays.
Recent trends in managing Type 2 Diabetes
Recent trends in managing Type 2 Diabetes have seen significant advancements in both medical treatments and lifestyle interventions. Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices have become increasingly popular. The use of telemedicine has grown, allowing patients to manage their condition remotely. Artificial intelligence and machine learning are being used to analyze patient data and provide personalized recommendations. The importance of early detection and intervention has gained recognition. Low-carbohydrate and ketogenic diets have gained popularity for managing blood sugar levels. Diabetes management apps and wearable devices are providing real-time data and feedback. Virtual support groups and online communities are helping patients connect and share experiences. Pharmacogenetics is being used to determine the most effective medications for individuals.
Diabetes and foot care: An overview
Foot problems are common in people with diabetes, and they can be serious if left untreated. Diabetes can cause nerve damage (neuropathy) and poor circulation, which can make it difficult for you to feel or notice injuries or infections on your feet. This can lead to ulcers, infections, and even amputations. Some common foot problems associated with diabetes include:Calluses: Thick, hardened areas of skin that develop from repeated pressure or friction. Corns: Small, raised bumps of thickened skin that usually develop on the toes. Dry skin: Dry, cracked skin that can lead to infection. Fungal infections: Infections caused by fungi, such as athlete's foot or toenail fungus. Ingrown toenails: Toenails that grow into the skin around the nail, causing pain and infection. Ulcers: Open sores that can develop on the feet, particularly on the balls of the feet or the bottom of the toes. Charcot foot: A condition in which the bones in the foot weaken and fracture, causing the foot to become deformed.Gangrene: The death of tissue due to a lack of blood flow, which can lead to amputation.
Carbohydrate Metabolism in Diabetes
In diabetes, carbohydrate metabolism is disrupted due to either insufficient insulin production or an inability of the body's cells to respond properly to insulin. Elevated blood sugar levels in diabetes can cause damage to various organs and tissues in the body, including the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and blood vessels. In type 2 diabetes, the body's cells become resistant to insulin, causing blood sugar levels to rise and the pancreas to produce more insulin to compensate. Over time, this can lead to a decline in insulin production and worsening of the condition. Treatment for diabetes typically involves a combination of lifestyle modifications, such as exercise and diet changes, and medications, such as insulin injections or oral medications that help lower blood sugar levels. Carbohydrate counting, which involves tracking the amount of carbohydrates consumed in each meal or snack, can be a helpful tool for managing blood sugar levels in diabetes.
Primary Adrenal Insufficiency: A Case Study & Review of Literature
Autoimmune Addison disease affects the function of the adrenal glands, which are small hormone-producing glands located on top of each kidney. It is classified as an autoimmune disorder because it results from a malfunctioning immune system that attacks the adrenal glands. As a result, the production of several hormones is disrupted, which affects many body systems. The signs and symptoms of autoimmune Addison disease can begin at any time, although they most commonly begin between ages 30 and 50. Common features of this condition include extreme tiredness (fatigue), nausea, decreased appetite, and weight loss. In addition, many affected individuals have low blood pressure (hypotension), which can lead to dizziness when standing up quickly; muscle cramps; and a craving for salty foods. A characteristic feature of autoimmune Addison disease is abnormally dark areas of skin (hyperpigmentation), especially in regions that experience a lot of friction, such as the armpits, elbows, knuckles, and palm creases. The lips and the inside lining of the mouth can also be unusually dark. Because of an imbalance of hormones involved in development of sexual characteristics, women with this condition may lose their underarm and pubic hair.