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Anatomical Localization of Ischemic Stroke
An ischemic stroke is defined by the abrupt loss of blood flow to a region of the brain, which is followed by an impairment of neurologic function. The thrombotic or embolic occlusion of a cerebral artery causes acute ischemic stroke, which occurs more frequently than hemorrhagic stroke. Stroke assessment is traditionally aided by clinical localization, in which presenting deficits are linked to specific arterial locations in the brain. Although they are essential for delivering evidence-based stroke care, clinical localization skills are rarely taught to non-neurologists. They enable rapid patient identification, diagnosis, and, ultimately, the administration of immediate treatment. Despite advanced neuroimaging and laboratory research, technology cannot replace the clinician's history and examination-based anatomical localisation. Standard imaging tests may overlook lesions unless they are narrowly focused on the anatomical region thought to be affected. Understanding the system's architecture, physiology, blood supply, and the disease processes that influence it are necessary for localization.
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DNB EMERGENCY MEDICINE MNAMS, FICM , MBA H.A
Meningitis : In Febrile Infants
Meningitis is a serious infection that can cause inflammation of the protective membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Infants less than three months old are at a higher risk for meningitis because their immune system is not fully developed yet. Most common symptoms of meningitis in infants are fever, irritability, poor feeding, vomiting, and a bulging fontanelle, bacterial meningitis is more severe and requires prompt treatment with antibiotics. Treatment typically involves hospitalization and intravenous antibiotics or antiviral medication, depending on the cause of the infection.
Hyperlipidemia: Prevention and Management Strategies
Hyperlipidemia is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease, which can lead to heart attack, stroke, and other serious health problems. There are two main types which include primary hyperlipidemia, which is caused by genetic factors, and secondary hyperlipidemia, which is caused by underlying health conditions such as diabetes, hypothyroidism, or kidney disease. Symptoms of hyperlipidemia are generally not noticeable, but it can be detected through a blood test called a lipid panel. Treatment typically involves lifestyle changes such as diet and exercise, and medications such as statins or fibrates may be prescribed to lower lipid levels.
Role of Anaesthesia in sustainable environment
Anesthesia plays a crucial role in reducing the carbon footprint of medical procedures by reducing the length of surgery and recovery time, leading to lower energy consumption and waste generation. The implementation of sustainable practices in anesthesia can also lead to cost savings for healthcare systems, further promoting environmental sustainability. By carefully monitoring and controlling the use of anesthetic drugs, waste and pollution can be reduced, while ensuring patient safety and comfort.
Decoding of Infection prevention
Since the advent of international jet travel, bacteria and viruses once confined to remote regions have frequently hitched rides with passengers, crossing multiple time zones in a matter of hours. As globalization continues apace, the public health community is redoubling its efforts to contain the spread of infections. Researchers at Boston University are bringing together their expertise in science, engineering, medicine, and health care management, as well as the specialized skills of investigators scheduled to work at BU’s National Emerging Infectious Diseases Laboratories (NEIDL) when the facility is fully functional, to speed up vaccine and drug discovery and to advance innovative health care delivery solutions for some of the world’s most vulnerable populations.
Resuscitation of Trauma
The goal of resuscitation following trauma is to restore blood flow and oxygenation to vital organs and prevent further injury. Trauma patients are often critically ill and may require rapid transport to a trauma center for advanced care. The use of advanced imaging and diagnostic techniques, such as CT scans, can aid in the identification and treatment of injuries. Hemorrhage control, either through direct pressure or surgical intervention, is often a key component of trauma resuscitation. The use of damage control surgery, which focuses on stabilizing the patient's condition rather than definitive repair, may be necessary in some cases.