Ventilator Associated Pneumonia

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About the Case Presentation

Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is a serious and potentially life-threatening infection that occurs in patients who are mechanically ventilated in hospitals or intensive care units (ICUs). It arises due to the colonization of the lower respiratory tract by pathogens, often through contaminated equipment or aspiration of oral or gastric secretions. VAP is associated with prolonged hospital stays, increased morbidity and mortality rates, and significant healthcare costs. Prevention strategies include meticulous oral hygiene, elevation of the head of the bed, regular ventilator circuit changes, and judicious use of antibiotics. Diagnosis of VAP involves clinical criteria, such as new or progressive pulmonary infiltrates, along with microbiological confirmation through bronchoalveolar lavage or endotracheal aspirate cultures. Implementation of evidence-based bundles and protocols can standardize care practices and reduce the risk of VAP in critically ill patients. Despite advancements in prevention and management strategies, VAP remains a significant challenge in critical care settings, underscoring the importance of ongoing research and vigilance in combating this healthcare-associated infection.

About the Speaker

Dr Sindil Sahu

Dr. Sindil Sahu

Consultant Critical Care Medicine
Fortis Hospital, New Delhi

Dr. Sindil Sahu is a distinguished medical professional specializing in Critical Care Medicine, holding an impressive array of qualifications including an MBBS, MD, FNB, and EDIC. As a Consultant in Critical Care Medicine, Dr. Sahu is renowned for his expertise in managing patients with life-threatening conditions, offering advanced treatments in intensive care units. His background likely includes extensive training and experience in areas such as mechanical ventilation, sepsis management, and complex multi-organ support. Dr. Sahu’s commitment to his field is further evidenced by his involvement in research or education, potentially contributing to advancements in critical care practices. His role is crucial in the multidisciplinary approach to patient care, working alongside other healthcare professionals to provide holistic and effective treatment plans.